What is a Forklift? Let’s look at its components and its basic functions. In this article, we will discuss the main parts of a Forklift, the Tilting mechanism, and Lifting control. Having a basic understanding of how it works will help you choose the right one for your needs. This article will also help you select the best Forklift for your business needs. It’s time you learned all about forklifts!

Basic functions

A forklift’s lift handle is connected to a pump located at the machine’s base. This pump pushes fluid through a tube to a hydraulic cylinder. The cylinder is a hollow tube with a movable piston in the middle that creates upward force by applying pressure to the head of the piston. The forklift’s height increases as more fluid enters the cylinder.

Main parts

There are a few parts of a forklift that you may not have known about. These parts have to do with the safety of the machine. Similarly, a malfunctioning car or airplane cockpit can cause injuries. Those same parts are responsible for keeping the truck in place. The following are some of the main parts of a forklift. This article will look at each part and explain how they work.

Lifting control

Lifting control forklifts are controlled by the operator. The lift handle is attached to an air pump at the bottom of the forklift. When the handle is turned, the air enters a cylinder and pushes the head of the piston up. This fills the cylinder. A special valve allows the gas to escape, releasing the forklift from its stationary position. Several advantages of this mechanism make it popular with construction workers.

Tilting mechanism

A forklift truck’s tilting mechanism controls the angle of its forklift. When the lift lever 50 is in the inoperative position, tilting mechanism 60 is engaged. The tilt angle detector 70 then detects the tilt angle. The tilting mechanism moves the forks up and down according to the program that was selected. The fork operation then follows the second program. This mechanism allows an operator to tilt the forklift by one degree.


The forks on a carriage forklift are mounted on the carriage plate. The shank is the upright portion of the fork, and the hooks are attached to the shank. A fork can be integral or non-integral. Forks can also be extended and are fitted to the original forks. Fork extensions decrease the capacity of the forks and move the load center. Generally, fork length must be at least 60% of the fork extension length.

Steering wheels

If you are unsure about the differences between front-wheel-drive and rear-wheel-drive forklifts, the main difference is the steering mechanism. Forklifts are rear-steer vehicles, which provide some advantages in terms of maneuvering and handling compared to front-wheel-drive machines. They are typically operated with a tie-rod attached to a hydraulic cylinder, which turns the steering wheels.

Overhead guard

Overhead guards are essential safety equipment for forklift machines. They protect operators from falling objects from above by deflecting them. A standard overhead guard is not intended to protect the operator from every type of impact. Instead, it’s designed to absorb energy and deform, deflecting the falling capacity load. For additional overhead protection, hard hats are recommended. In fact, certain industries require their use. Read on for some important factors to consider when choosing an overhead guard forklift.