If you are new to forklifts, you should first learn about the parts that make up this powerful industrial machine. These parts include the Basics, Center of gravity, Controls, and Tires. This article will explain these important aspects in more detail. You should also be familiar with the proper use of these parts to ensure their safety. Read this article to learn more about the different parts of forklifts. Also, learn about common safety issues and what you can do to avoid them.

Basic parts

A forklift‘s main components include its forks, which are protruded outwards from the carriage. It is powered by a hydraulic lift cylinder, which controls the vertical lift. The lift cylinder also controls the tilt of the carriage, and the mast and forks can be moved upward or downward. There are many safety features built into forklifts, including an overhead guard and a solid guard, which protect the operator from flying objects and bad weather.

A forklift’s mast contains tracks that control the load and can tilt forward or backward. The carriage houses the forks and rollers and is attached to the mast. A backrest on the carriage prevents the load from falling back onto the operator. A hydraulic lift cylinder controls the height and angle of the carriage and forks. The forks are responsible for carrying materials and guiding them from one area to another.

Center of gravity

A forklift’s center of gravity determines its stability. The center of gravity is located between the drive and steer wheels at A and B and marked by an arrow as Vehicle Center of Gravity (Unloaded). When the load is fully loaded, the combined center of gravity moves to the front axle and is at the edge of the stability triangle. To maintain stability, keep the load close to the forks and avoid sudden stops or turns.

The center of gravity of a forklift is a very important consideration when operating a truck. An overturned forklift accounts for 24 percent of accidents. Heavy or uneven loads can shift the truck’s center of gravity outside of the triangle. Uneven terrain and driving on a slope can cause an overturn. When lifting and lowering loads, consider the combined center of gravity and the weight of the truck.


Forklift controls are incredibly similar to those of a normal car. The accelerator pedal is typically on the right. The brake pedal stops the vehicle. There is a clutch pedal as well, which helps increase speed. Both of these functions operate similarly to a normal car’s transmission. If you’re unfamiliar with these controls, read on to learn more. The following paragraphs provide an overview of how to operate these machines.

One of the most important controls is to make sure that the forklift is squarely positioned to the load. The forks must be at the appropriate height for the load being lifted. The steering should be in neutral position, and the brake should be applied when the forklift raises or lowers. Another important part of forklift controls is to keep in mind that they do not have front wheels like a regular car and cannot make sudden turns without tipping or spilling over.


Choosing the correct forklift tires can make all the difference in how a machine handles and is safe. If possible, check with the manufacturer to see if you can change the tires on your machine. Most frames are designed to accept a certain type of tire, so you must be careful when choosing the tires for your machine. In addition, you should consider your budget when choosing the right tires for your machine. Here are a few tips for choosing the best forklift tires.

Choosing the right forklift tires will greatly affect your productivity and efficiency. It will also lower your fuel costs and reduce your downtime. Galaxy offers a variety of resilient forklift tires. You can select the type of tire that’s best for your business by reading manufacturer reviews and consulting with a trained sales representative. For a smooth ride, choose air pneumatic tires. But if you’re in the middle of a construction site, look for tires designed for heavy chunking.

Hydraulic pistons

A forklift that has hydraulic pistons can lift loads much higher than a forklift without hydraulic lift. The hydraulic system works by pumping air into a cylinder that is attached to the forks. This gas expands the volume inside the cylinder, pushing the piston head forward. As the piston rises and falls, it causes the forks to lean toward the forklift and thereby lower the forks’ center of gravity.

Forklift hydraulic systems are made up of three different types of fluids. Water-based fluids are fire-resistant and do not provide as much lubrication as petroleum-based fluids. Regardless of the type, it is important to regularly top off the fluid and inspect the cylinders. The cylinders should be run out and the inner shaft checked for rust or wear. If a forklift cylinder feels sluggish while working, the problem may be caused by low hydraulic fluid or a weak hydraulic pump. Besides leaking hydraulic fluid, sluggishness could be related to control levers and metering blocks.

Personal protective equipment

There are many reasons to wear personal protective equipment for forklift workers. Not only does wearing these essential pieces of safety gear improve the visibility of workers while operating the forklift, but they also help prevent collisions and give them a better grip on the controls. Gloves also provide some protection from heat and vibration. They also prevent grease and oil residue from transferring to other parts of the body. If you’re unsure of which forklift gear to wear, here are some examples.

Hard hats protect the head during tip-overs and should be worn by forklift operators. They are a vital part of a warehouse dress code and should be regularly inspected for damage. Safety vests are another necessary piece of forklift PPE. They help operators to stand out and are made from polyester and have multiple pockets. If a worker is working in an area where the floor is uneven, safety boots will help to keep them safe.