There are several basic components of a forklift. These components include the Mast, Truck frame, Counterweight, and Power source. Here we look at each. Depending on the type of forklift, you may have one or more of the following parts. Those components are vital to its overall function. Moreover, they will help you determine which forks to use and how to set them up. The following diagrams will help you understand which component to use and when.


A telescopic mast is a part of a forklift truck. It consists of two parts – an outer part (CM4) and an inner part (CM3). The outer part (CM4) is slidable and is provided with an outer pair (15) of left and right profile elements. The inner part (5L, 5R) is attached to the carriage and prevents the load from shifting backwards.

Another type of mast is the Quad mast, which uses four sets of chains and rails. While it provides more lift than a triple stage, the Quad mast has limited visibility. This type of mast is generally used for high-rise applications and is similar to the Triplex. It also has powerful hydraulic secondary cylinder rails. This type of mast is also known as a QFV mast. While operating a Quad mast requires advanced training, its many advantages make it a popular choice for specialized applications.

Truck frame

A counterbalanced lift truck is designed to use the weight of the chassis to balance the load and the mast. The lift truck’s hydraulic system controls the movement of the fork carriage up and down. The lift truck has a data plate that lists the model and serial number of the lift truck. Besides the data plate, the lift truck’s model also contains the maximum fork speed, as well as its limited free lift.

Like any car, a forklift’s frame supports the main components of the vehicle, including the engine, mast, counterweight, overhead guard, and the power source. The operator sits in a cab that is fitted with controls and features an overhead guard to prevent the lift from tipping over. The cab may be either enclosed or open and can be used for indoor or outdoor work. An overhead guard may also be added to the forklift to prevent the operator from being struck by falling objects.


A Counterweight Forklift is a forklift with a weight on the back to counterbalance the load. The counterbalance is usually lead-filled or cast iron. An electric counterbalance is also available. The weight of the counterbalance is listed on the data plate of the lift. This information is not the same as the lifting capacity of the counterbalance forklift. Hence, it is important to know the exact weight of the forklift before purchasing it.

A Counterweight Forklift is a versatile combination of safety and performance. It promotes flexibility while working. Its extended load center allows for ease of movement and maneuverability in tight spaces. Regardless of the type of counterweight, it will help maximize the safety of the forklift operator. The counterweight forklift can be found in several models and brands. BigRentz does not guarantee that a particular make and model of Counterweight Forklift is available in every market. The availability of specific make and model may depend on the country.

Power source

A forklift is not just an important piece of machinery; it can also contribute to the Total Cost of Ownership. Operating costs are important to consider when choosing a power source, and Toyota can help you find the right one. We carry a wide variety of forklift models and operating layouts so that you can choose the one that suits your needs best. Learn about power source options and how they work for forklifts.

Lead acid batteries are the most traditional solution for forklift electrification, but they have their drawbacks. These battery-powered lifts are heavier than lithium-ion or other alternatives. Although they have a larger capacity, lead acid batteries have disadvantages as well, such as ergonomic strain when changing out a battery. While they require lower maintenance than lithium-ion or other types of batteries, they need to be charged on a regular basis.

Steering wheels

One of the most important components of a forklift is the steering wheel. It is the primary contact point between a forklift driver and the truck itself, and therefore the vibration of the steering wheel can directly impact the comfort level of a driver. This paper analyzes the vibration features of steering wheels on forklifts and their driver with the Hilbert-Huang transform method. The results show that resonance vibrations are the main culprits of excessive vibrations on forklift steering wheels.

A large-tonnage forklift with steering wheels is able to turn around easily in the middle of two shelves, which is impossible for a front-steering forklift. The rear-steering design of a forklift allows the driver to steer the forklift light and easily. It also offers excellent steering and flexibility. However, steering wheels are not ideal for warehouses with a small floor space.

Identification plate

Every lift truck should have an identification plate. It lists important safety information, including the type of power source, the manufacturer and model, and the serial number. OSHA requires that all lift trucks display this information. A custom nameplate from Metalphoto of Cincinnati can help you properly label your lift trucks. It also provides the necessary information on how to properly operate the lift truck. A forklift nameplate will tell you a lot about the truck, including its capabilities and limitations.

The most important information on the forklift identification plate is the load capacity. This is the maximum weight the forklift can lift. Never load the forklift beyond its capacity. The plate also tells you the manufacturer, model number, and serial number of the forklift. You should familiarize yourself with this information to reduce the risk of an accident and make sure you are prepared for the forklift operation. Here are some of the most important pieces of information you should look for on the plate.