A forklift is a heavy-duty machine used to lift and move objects. It is typically powered by hydraulic pistons. There are two main vertical structures attached to the forks, the mast and the forks themselves. Roller chain pulleys attach the forks to the main body and create a gear at the top of the mast. As the roller chain rotates clockwise, the hydraulic pistons press against the gears.

Main parts of a forklift

The frame of a forklift truck is the main component that supports the main components of the forklift, including the engine, mast, and counterweight. The frame also serves as a support for the rest of the forklift’s components. It also serves as a place to attach a counterweight, which balances the weight of the loaded forks and prevents the forklift from tipping over.

The mast is another important part of a forklift, which is the vertical assembly at the front. It serves as a support structure and lifts the load. There are different kinds of masts, and the length of each one depends on the height of the load. It is also equipped with a load backrest, which protects the driver and the pallets while loading or unloading the load. In addition, the forks themselves come with a lift cylinder and hydraulic lifting mechanism.


A forklift is a heavy piece of equipment that has two main sets of controls. The lift and tilt controls determine how the forks will move up and down the mast. Those controls are operated by the forklift operator using the pedals on the side of the vehicle. In some cases, there is also a button on the side that allows the operator to automatically level the fork attachment. Regardless of which type of control you need, it is important to understand its controls and how they work.

Most forklifts have accelerator pedals on the front and rear of the vehicle that act as directional controls. Simply shift your foot from one pedal to the other to move the forklift forward or backward. You can also find lifting mechanisms on the front or rear of the machine that move the forks. There are also forklift control knobs to raise and lower the forks. There are also controls for tilting the forks. Some forklifts have a fourth knob that allows the operator to move the load sideways.

Hydraulic pistons

The power and performance of hydraulic systems are unmatched by human strength. Consider a metal piston rod squeezed against a hydraulic fluid. The result is a dangerously mighty hammer. In the same way, hydraulic cylinders generate power by compressing incompressible fluids. The hydraulic system can be divided into two types: single-acting cylinder and double-acting cylinder. Single-acting cylinders move in one direction while dual-acting cylinders operate in reverse.

The system has two sets of cylinders and pistons to lift the forklift and incline it. The piston head and the forks are connected to one another via a roller chain pulley. The cylinder is impenetrable on one side, while the other side is connected to the forklift’s immobile frame. When the hydraulic pistons push forward, the mast leans toward the vehicle.

Safety regulations

Forklifts must meet specific OSHA requirements to operate in certain workplace environments. For example, they must be rated for use in an area where combustible and flammable materials are present. They also must not create a source of ignition in these environments. Operators are required to undergo special training before operating these vehicles. OSHA also requires that forklift operators maintain records of training. OSHA has developed the OSHA forklift training standards.

To operate a forklift safely, operators must be aware of falling objects and push them off racks. They must tilt back the mast to stabilize the load while the vehicle is moving. Drivers must also be aware of their surroundings and avoid approaching forklifts. They must also wear proper clothing so as not to become stuck in the vehicle. Moreover, forklift operators must wear seat belts when operating forklifts.