A forklift is a vehicle that moves products from one location to another. Depending on its type, the machine can move materials of various sizes and shapes. Its main parts and classifications are explained in this article. Its functions and safety standards are also described. You should know how to use a forklift correctly and safely to prevent injuries. Here are the main parts of a forklift. Once you have a basic understanding of the parts of a forklift, you can safely purchase one.

Main parts of a forklift

A forklift has three major parts: a mast, a carriage, and a fork. The mast is the main part of a forklift and is used for tilting and lifting loads. The carriage provides a backrest for the operator and is often made of steel to prevent it from deforming. The fork is the other major part of the forklift, consisting of a steel beam with two thick irons attached to it.

Forklifts also feature a lift handle connected to a hydraulic pump located at the base of the machine. The pump pushes fluid up a tube that leads to the hydraulic cylinders. Hydraulic cylinders are made of a hollow tube with a movable piston. The fluid volume increases as pressure builds inside the cylinder. This pressure creates an uplift force when the piston head is pushed against the lift handle.

Classifications of forklifts

Forklifts can be categorized according to their capabilities. They come in different types depending on their fuel type, capacity, and application. There are also various classes of pneumatic tires, which are great for outdoor applications. Some class 4 forklifts are counterbalanced and can be used both indoors and outdoors. They are also ideal for applications that require a low level of clearance. Many times, forklifts of this type are used to transport items from loading docks to storage rooms or storage areas.

A class II forklift is an electric-motor-powered, narrow aisle vehicle with solid tires. It comes in a rider or a walkie model. Several types of Class III forklifts are made by Toyota, including order pickers, low-lift pallet lifts, and platform lifts. Order pickers are popular among operators because they allow the operator to climb onto a platform, which allows them to pick and stack small items.

Functions of a forklift

A forklift is a mobile construction machine. The hydraulic function consists of two passages of pressurized hydraulic oil, one near the operator and the other at the base of the machine. Its lift handle moves in response to the pressure of the hydraulic fluid in the cylinder, which is powered by the pump. An electrical forklift, on the other hand, has a separate motor. The hydraulic system allows the forklift to raise and lower the load.

The forklift has a back-rest that prevents the load from shifting backwards. In addition, a guard is usually installed above the forks to prevent the falling load from hurting the operator. In addition, a forklift has a mast, which raises and lowers the load. Interlocking rails provide horizontal control and a counterweight stabilizes the machine so it does not tip over.

Safety standards for forklifts

In order to keep everyone safe, forklift operators must have OSHA certification. OSHA certification must state the name of the operator, the date of training, and the date of evaluation. Forklift operators must also be trained to use horns when necessary. Operators must also conduct a safety check of their equipment before use. They must also have a properly lit forklift. Safety checks should be conducted at least once every three years or after an unsafe act.

Forklift operators should never place their arms or legs between the mast uprights, or outside the running line. Always wear appropriate clothing, and never place any body parts outside the vehicle, even if you are backed up. Long hair must also be restrained. Operators should also check for pedestrians before using a forklift. Operators should also maintain a safe distance from the edge of platforms or ramps. Forklifts should not be used to open freight doors.