Before purchasing a forklift, you should know some basic information about them. These include their components, classifications, safety equipment, and common uses. This article will go over these issues in detail. You should be able to identify the characteristics of these machines and decide which one is best for you. Hopefully, this information will help you choose the right forklift for your business. Listed below are the characteristics and components of a forklift.


Forklifts fall into four general classifications: ICE (internal combustion engine), class IV (electric), and class V (diesel). Each has specific uses and is powered by one of three different types of fuels. ICE trucks are sit-down models designed for indoor use. They are also commonly used to move pallets. ICE forklifts have cushioned tires for extra comfort and stability on uneven surfaces. ICE forklifts also have larger engines that are ideal for higher speeds and maneuverability. Lastly, they are sturdy, durable, and built for long-term service.

When choosing a forklift, you need to consider the application. For example, if the forklift will be used to repair a tank, the size of the floor slab should be determined. Typically, a concrete slab thickness should be based on a forklift’s axle load and flexural strength. Enter 15 kip axle load in Table 4-1. The design index is 7 for a truck that performs 100 operations per year.


A forklift is a mechanical device with a lift handle that is connected to an electrical air pump located at the base of the truck. When the lift handle is squeezed, the air pump forces outside air through a filter and forces it into a channel leading to hydraulic cylinders. The cylinders consist of a flexible piston surrounded by a hollow tube. The gasses enter through the base of the cylinder and create a force on the piston head.

Forklifts come in several different classes, each of which has a distinct purpose. There are two basic types: battery-electric forklifts and electric forklifts. Battery-electric forklifts are best for indoor facilities as they produce no harmful fumes. The truck frame may also contain fuel tanks. Typically, forklifts use a power source that can be recharged through a power outlet, but battery-powered models are becoming more common in industrial settings.

Safety equipment required

When it comes to forklift safety, it’s crucial to remember that the truck has a higher center of gravity than a person’s car, which means it should have headlights on the front and back to help avoid spotting pedestrians and other road users. Additionally, a lift truck’s center of gravity is shared with the load it carries. A heavier load will displace the equipment from its center of gravity, reducing its efficiency.

Another important piece of forklift safety is a seat belt. Seat belts can make a big difference in the event of a tip over, as they keep the operator secure inside. CDC guidelines advise operators to wear seatbelts and lean away from the point of impact when operating a forklift. Also, seatbelts should be checked regularly to ensure proper fit. Safety equipment for forklifts can range from a seat belt to an overhead guard. While the overhead guard protects the operator from a small package, it is not sufficient to prevent a complete load. Hard hats are recommended as well.

Common uses

A forklift is an industrial vehicle that lifts and moves items. There are several types of forks, each designed to lift a specific item. Some of these include carpet poles for lifting heavy carpet rolls, lumber forks for moving loads of wood, and plywood forks. A forklift can also load and unload building materials. Often, construction sites need a forklift to move building materials from trucks to pallets. Some forklift models come with a cab for operators to stay comfortable while working in dangerous environments.

During the Second World War, the United States was under tremendous pressure to create more efficient warehouses for storing materials. Today, forklifts are found in virtually every warehouse in the world. Recent upgrades have focused on increasing comfort, maximizing lifting capacity, and minimizing emissions. There are also electric forklifts and fuel-cell-powered forklifts. Industrial forklifts can also be classified as warehouse forklifts, counterbalance forklifts, and side loaders. Pneumatic tires are often used on warehouse forklifts.